Yes, raccoons have sharp teeth: Everything you need to know

Raccoons are fascinating creatures that are known for their distinctive black markings around their eyes that resemble a mask. They are omnivores and have a varied diet that includes both plant and animal matter. But one question that often comes up is whether raccoons have sharp teeth.

The answer is yes, raccoons have sharp teeth. In fact, they have a total of 40 teeth with a dental formula of for both jaws. This means that each jaw has 6 incisors, 2 canines, and 8 premolars and 4 molars. The sharp, narrow incisors at the front are used for ripping and cutting flesh and vegetation, while the long, sharp canines at the corners are used for tearing through objects. The wide, cuspy premolars and molars at the back of the mouth are used for crushing and grinding food.

Anatomy of a Raccoon

Raccoons are medium-sized mammals with a distinct appearance. They have a pointed snout, small ears, and a distinctive black mask around their eyes. Their fur is grayish-brown, and they have a bushy tail with black rings.


Raccoons have a total of 40 teeth, with a dental formula of incisors 3/3, canines 1/1, premolars 4/4, and molars 2/2. Their incisors are sharp and narrow, located at the front of their jaw, and used for biting and tearing food. The canines are long and sharp, located at the corners of their jaw, and used for holding and killing prey. The premolars and molars are wide and cuspy, located at the back of their jaw, and used for grinding and crushing food.


Raccoons have a powerful jaw with a bite force quotient of 90, which is relatively strong compared to their size. Their jaw structure allows them to eat a wide variety of food, including insects, fruits, nuts, and small animals. They have a hinge-like joint that allows them to open their mouth wide, and their lower jaw is slightly longer than their upper jaw, which helps them to chew and grind food.

Overall, the teeth and jaws of raccoons are well-adapted to their omnivorous diet and hunting habits. They are able to eat a wide variety of food and use their sharp teeth and powerful jaws to catch and kill prey when necessary.

Raccoon Behavior

Feeding Habits

Raccoons are known for their omnivorous diet, which means they eat both plants and animals. They are opportunistic feeders and will eat almost anything they can find. In urban areas, they are known to scavenge through garbage cans and dumpsters for food. They are also known to raid gardens and crops for fruits and vegetables.

Raccoons have sharp teeth that are specially designed for their diet. Their sharp canines and incisors help them to tear apart and chew through tough foods like meat and plants. They also have molars and premolars that are used for grinding and crushing food.

In the wild, raccoons are known to eat a variety of foods, including insects, small mammals, fish, and fruits. They are also known to eat eggs and young birds. They are skilled hunters and will use their sharp teeth to catch prey.

Overall, raccoons are adaptable and can survive on a variety of foods. Their sharp teeth and omnivorous diet make them a formidable predator in the wild and a nuisance in urban areas.

Raccoon Encounters with Humans


Raccoons are known to be curious and intelligent animals, and they may approach humans if they are looking for food or water. While they are generally not aggressive towards humans, raccoons can pose a risk if they feel threatened or cornered. In such cases, they may bite or scratch in self-defense, which can cause serious injury or infection.

Raccoons also carry a number of diseases that can be transmitted to humans, including rabies, leptospirosis, and salmonella. Rabies is a particularly serious concern, as it can be fatal if left untreated. If a person is bitten or scratched by a raccoon, they should seek medical attention immediately.


To avoid encounters with raccoons, it is important to take certain precautions. First and foremost, do not feed raccoons or leave food out where they can easily access it. This will only encourage them to approach humans and can lead to more frequent encounters.

It is also important to secure garbage cans and compost bins, as raccoons are attracted to the smell of food and may try to get into these containers. If possible, store these items in a garage or other enclosed area to prevent raccoons from accessing them.

If a person does encounter a raccoon, they should avoid approaching it and try to make themselves appear as large and intimidating as possible. This can be done by standing on tiptoes, waving arms, and making loud noises. If the raccoon does not back down, it may be necessary to back away slowly and seek shelter indoors.


Raccoons are known for their unique appearance and mischievous behavior, but what about their teeth? After conducting research and examining the dental formula of raccoons, it is clear that they do, in fact, have sharp teeth.

With a total of 40 teeth, including 6 incisors, 2 canines, and 8 premolars and 4 molars on each jaw, raccoons have the necessary tools to catch and tear into prey. Their sharp-tipped canines are particularly useful for this purpose.

Furthermore, the bite force quotient (BFQ) of a raccoon is roughly 100, which is higher than that of a domestic cat. This means that raccoons have a strong bite force that, combined with their sharp teeth, allows them to leave a remarkable bite.

Overall, it is safe to say that raccoons have sharp teeth that are essential for their survival as omnivores in the wild. While they may not be the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about raccoons, their teeth are an important aspect of their anatomy that should not be overlooked.

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